Instructional Design

Instructional Design

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Systematic process of designing learning activities and instructional materials using instructional theory and models to ensure the quality of the products. Instructional design theory and models are a set of specifications for the development, implementation, evaluation, and maintenance of tasks and environments that can facilitate learning. By following instructional design, designers increase the likelihood that their course designs will be appropriate and effective. The most basic form of the instructional design model is a five-step process: [1]
Process step Content
Analysis Analyzing the need for instruction, curriculum requirements, the limitations and resources available
Design Analyzing the instructional goals, learner’s needs, constructing assessments and their prior knowledge
Development Determining instructional strategies and selecting instructional media that best facilitates student understanding of new knowledge and supports the instructional strategies
Implementation Implementing the design: teaching/learning experience and student understanding
Evaluation Examining the actual lesson or course you designed: evaluate the connection between goals and understanding, effectiveness of instructional strategies

See also: A.D.D.I.E Model, Assessment, Learning Objectives, E-Learning

MATERIAL.png Additional Materials
Document Content
The Ultimate DIY Guide to eLearning Design This eBook is for everyone that needs or wants to start creating better and more effective eLearning courses. Learn how you (a non-designer) can create amazing eLearning screens following the guidelines and tips this eBook provides.
Instructional design for e-Learning This resource makes readers aware of key factors that need attention when designing e-Learning materials in the form of self-paced and distance learning materials that require computer usage.
Course Design Checklist Checklist suggested by the American Society for Training and Development (ASTD). This checklist contains all the elements to be considered and regarded at when working on the instructional design of a course.
Training Program Checklist Checklist suggested by the American Society for Training and Development (ASTD). Similar to the previous document, this checklist contains all the elements to be considered and regarded at when working on the instructional design of a programme.
e-Learning Methodologies A guide prepared by FAO for designing and developing e-Learning courses. The purpose is to provide detailed guidance to trainers and instructional designers who are new to e-Learning design.
Méthodologies pour le développement de cours e-learning Une guide par la FAO pour concevoir et élaborer des cours d'apprentissage en ligne.
62 Tips for Effective eLearning Instructional Design Free digital eBook from The eLearning Guild on the success eLearning projects, which rests primarily on effective instructional design, not on any mix of technologies.

Link icon.png Web Resources
Below you have a list of resources that provide additional information on different aspects of Instructional Design.
Link Content
10 Must-Reads Before Creating Your First Course Don't know where to start to create an e-Learning course? Here are some indispensable reads to the basics of creating winning eLearning courses.
Top Instructional Design Trends and Outlook for 2014 a rish article on the instructional design trends and outlooks and combining the use of instructional technology with effective communication skills.
Getting more from e-Learning

(Video, 30 minutes)

This is an excerpt from the presentation of Bryan Hopkins about concepts and guidelines for adult learning and e-Learning held at the UNITAR Headquarters in Geneva, 6 April 2011.
Designing learning materials Bryan Hopkins' personal website guides readers on the process of designing learning materials based on his experience and skills in the fields of learning design and training.
Getting more from e-Learning

(Slideshow, right click and open in New Tab)

The presentation of Bryan Hopkins about concepts and guidelines for adult learning and e-Learning held at the UNITAR Headquarters in Geneva, 6 April 2011. (To open the file, right click and select Open in a New Tab.)
Storyboarding Strategies for Effective e-Learning

(Video, 10 minutes)

Storyboards are the blueprints for e-learning courses. They define all aspects of the training so you can reach a consensus on the design before investing in the development. In this short course, you will learn why it’s important to develop storyboards; the components of an effective storyboard; your roles and responsibilities as a storyboard developer; and some tips for writing storyboards.
Assessments in e-learning


This slideshow presents some of the basic concepts related to the development of good learning objectives and to the importance of measuring learning. It also presents different types of assessment.
Accelerated Learning: The Extreme Training Makeover

(Video, 22 minutes)

This video is an introduction to the concept of Accelerated Learning (AL), a system for speeding up and enhancing both the training design and the learning process. It touches upon fundamental concepts of instructional design, such as the importance of social interaction and the fact that a learning process is not sequential.
Instructional Design by Example Website which offers examples of e-learning courses from multiple sources. It aims at providing inspiration along with details instructional designers need when planning, designing, developing, and delivering instructional content.
How to Teach Like a Pro! This paper summarizes some of the best ideas and practices gathered from successful online instructors and recent literature.
Principles of Online Design This document provides a resource to institutions who are designing online instructional materials. It aims at providing a set of principles for using technology as an instructional tool.
WBI Learning Design Process This document contains the learning design process illustrated by the Word Bank Institute. Five main steps for learning design are identified, going from the definition of outcomes and objectives, to the identification of methods, the selection of tools, the assembling of the programme and finally the evaluation of the tool. For each of these fundamentals steps, additional information is provided.
Instructional Design on Growth Engineering Articles on two instructional design methodologies 1- The Discovery Method, 2 - Game Changer.
Pinterest Board on Instructional Design


Check out Click4it's Pinterest Board on Instructional Design and discover more about Instructional Design!


  1. Rapid Instructional Design, Learning ID Fast and Right. George M. Piskurich, 2006