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Term2.png 4C/ID
Instructional design model developed by van Merriënboer and others according to the idea that each pattern for complex learning can be described by four components, namely learning tasks, supportive information, procedural information, and part-task practice.

  1. Learning tasks generally include case studies, projects, and problems and are helpful for the integration of skills, knowledge and attitudes. The different learning tasks are ordered by difficulty.
  2. Supportive information aims at helping students perform non-routine parts of learning tasks (such as problem solving and reasoning).
  3. Procedural information refers to routine aspects of learning tasks and describes precisely how to perform them. It is often presented exactly when needed.
  4. Part-task practice aims to make the learners gain a high level of automatism in performing routine tasks, as it involves numerous repetitions. [1]


  1. edutechwiki.unige.ch (25 May 2009), www.scitopics.com (25 May 2009)