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Art and science of helping adults to learn, according to the definition given to it by Malcolm Knowles. The Andragogy Theory emphasizes adult’s capabilities to direct and motivate themselves, utilizing past knowledge to assist learning and evaluate the contents of training for relevance and quality. Andragogy is premised on five assumptions about the characteristics of adult learning:[1]
Characteristic Content
Self-concept As a person matures, his self-concept moves from one of being a dependant personality toward one of being a self-directed human being
Experience As a person matures, he accumulates a growing reservoir of experience that becomes an increasing resource for learning
Readiness to learn As a person matures, his readiness to learn becomes oriented increasingly to the development tasks of his social roles
Orientation to learn As a person matures, his time perspective changes from one of postponed application of knowledge to immediacy application of knowledge and accordingly his orientation toward learning shifts from one of subject-centeredness to one of problem centeredness
Motivation to learn As a person matures, the motivation to learn becomes internal


  1. (7 March 2008), Wikipedia (7 March 2008), (7 March 2008), (7 March 2008), (7 March 2008), (7 March 2008)